International Conference on Service Oriented Computing

ICSOC 2014 Panel: "Collective Adaptive Systems: Challenges and Opportunities for Cloud and Services Computing"


  • Antonio Brogi, University of Pisa, Italy
  • Florian Daniel, University of Trento, Italy
  • Schahram Dustdar, Vienna University of Technology, Austria
  • Aditya Ghose, University of Wollongong, Australia
  • Andreas Metzger, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany


  • Hong-Linh Truong, Vienna University of Technology

The hyper-growth of the Internet in the past decades has created still untapped opportunities to integrate people, software and things for solving complex problems. Collective Adaptive Systems (CAS) is an emerging paradigm for enabling the on-demand integration of capabilities offered by people-, software- and things-based services. A key abstraction in this context is that of "collectives": dynamic systems comprising numerous nodes (e.g. people, software, things), each with their own properties, objectives and actions but acting towards a goal. The provisioning of collectives requires us to abstract and virtualize diverse capabilities offered by people, software and things. In a collective, we have to deal with diverse forms of service interfaces/APIs, quality and cost models, interaction and communication protocols, and orchestrations. Thus, provisioning collectives on-demand in an Internet-scale requires us to deal with elasticity techniques for hybrid types of services.

The cloud and services computing research communities will play an important role in enabling the development of CAS. We have the chance to showcase novel "services" that collectives can bring into different application domains. But in doing so, we need to understand the challenges and opportunities brought about by CAS, from the cloud and services computing perspectives. This panel will bring together experts from different areas of cloud and services computing in order to discuss challenges and opportunities towards the enablement of collectives of people, software and thing-based services.

Key questions for the panel are:

  • Is the integration of people, software and things into coherent collectives within reach given the current state-of-the-art in services and cloud computing? What challenges need to be overcome?
  • How do we effectively integrate people, software and things into collectives? Which problems we need to address in order to be able the discovery, selection and composition of people, software and things for a collective?
  • How can the service models of collectives be built from service models for people, software and things?
  • How to develop a "collective as a service"? What does "service engineering" mean for collectives? How to coordinate and orchestrate people, software and things in a collective?
  • How collectives can enable business process innovation and/or richer forms of business processes in digital organizations?
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